Malic Acid is an organic compound that is the active ingredient in many sour and tart foods. It can be blended with multiple food acids, sugars, high intensity sweeteners, flavors and seasonings to create distinctive taste experiences in foods, beverages, and confections.
Malic Acid is also used in the manufacture of skin and dental care products and can be used in a number of technical applications, such as Electroplating and metal cleaning.
Malic Acid is generated during metabolism of living cells in the Kreb’s cycle and occurs naturally in all fruits and many vegetables. It is the predominant acid in apples thus the name is derived from the Latin name for apples which is malus. Malic Acid is also essential in the preparation of medical products such as throat lozenges, cough syrups, effervescent powdered preparations, toothpaste, and mouthwash.
Additionally, Malic Acid is used in the manufacture of skin care products to rejuvenate and improve skin conditions and also can be used in a number of technical applications, such as metal cleaning, textile dying to improve color value, and paint, preventing the formation of skin on the top layer during storage.
Adding Malic Acid improves artificially sweetened products. Flavors are enhanced, allowing the use of less additives, and the overall flavor profile is broader, smoother and more natural.
Malic Acid is a preferred acidulant for still beverages (fruit drinks, nectars, iced-teas, sports drinks, calcium fortified juices), because it enhances fruit flavors, improves pH stability, and masks the aftertaste of artificial sweeteners and some salts.
For alcoholic apple ciders, Malic Acid is added to maintain a consistent “sharp” taste.
Malic Acid gives an appealing tartness to hard, soft, tableted, and sugarless candies as well as chewing gum. Blending multiple acids creates unique tasting confections. Malic Acid’s high solubility allows it to be blended with cooled confections. Adding acids at the end of the candy making process minimizes sugar inversion.
Malic Acid boosts sourness intensity and enhances fruit flavors. It has a lower melting point than other food acids this means that it can be incorporated into molten hard candy without added water. The shelf life is increased as the initial moisture level in the hard candy is lower.
In agar, gelatin or pectin-based candies such as jellies and gummies, Malic Acid is used to achieve a natural fruit flavor profile, uniform & controlled gelling, and good product clarity.
In iced tea, sports drink, or fruit soup dry mixes, Malic Acid is preferred due to its rapid dissolution rate and flavor enhancement qualities. Since Malic Acid provides more sourness than Citric Acid, less acidulant is required and unit weight can be reduced.
In liquid calcium supplements, Malic Acid adds a tart and fruity flavor while controlling the pH and improving the solubility and bio-availability.
Malic Acid’s extended sourness masks sweetener aftertaste and its blending and fixative abilities give a balanced taste profile.
Whey-based protein beverages acidified with Malic Acid have enhanced fruit flavor with less noticeable whey flavor. Fruit flavored milk drinks made with fruit juice and acidified with Malic Acid have improved flavor and palatability.
Malic Acid enhances fruit flavors and creates a more natural flavor profile in jams, jellies, and fruit preparations. Fruit preparations are acidified with Malic Acid so that the fruit flavor stays strong, even when the fruit preparation is used in dairy products, frozen desserts or baked goods.
Malic Acid is an economical fruit flavor enhancer in sherbets and water ices. In gelled desserts, Malic Acid enhances fruit flavors and helps stabilize pH to control gel texture.
Bakery products with fruit fillings (cookies, snack bars, pies, and cakes) have a stronger and more naturally balanced fruit flavor when the fruit filling includes Malic Acid.
In throat lozenges, cough syrups, and effervescent powdered preparations, Malic Acid enhances fruit flavor and can diminish the flavor impact of active components. As Malic Acid stimulates saliva flow, it can be used in tooth-cleaning preparations and mouthwashes. Germicidal compounds are used in combination with Malic Acid in soaps, mouthwashes, and toothpaste.
Malic Acid can be used in skin care products to rejuvenate and improve skin conditions.
Demands for Malic Acid in the oil industry are rapidly increasing. The product is used to aid in the transfer of raw crude from the well to the refinery.
Malic Acid is used in Gypsum cement to control the rate of setting of the cement by retardation.
Acrylic fibre whiteness is enhanced by the addition of Malic Acid during the manufacturing process and also helps in the control of polymerization reaction and prevents oxidation.
Malic Acid is an important constituent in plating chemicals to maintain pH, improve and control the rate of deposition of active metals like nickel.